Army disbanded, and then reassembled without any
Yuan Shik Kai given task of modernising
army increased in size
officers sent overseas to train
provincial military academies
traditional examination system abolished
Board of Education (1904) - western subjects too
mission schools boosted
military schools part of education
selected students study abroad - new ideals were a
threat to the government.
marriage restrictions between Chinese and Manchus
all Opium smokers had to be licensed
legal torture abolished
slow, painful executions abolished
collective responsibility abolished
investigation of justices and magistrates for
1900 - ministers for War, Education, Trade,
Police and Foreign Affairs appointed.
1905 - Empress sent missions abroad to study
foreign governments and institutions.
1908 - Notice given to some concessions to improve
- Provincial governments elected - property
and academic qualifications were needed to
- Provincial governments elected reps to the
Peking National Assembly - they could only
advise the Emperor, not make laws;
- People could not hold more than one office
in an administrative position.